Instructional Design and Pedagogy Science in Healthcare Simulation by Schaefer, Vanderbilt, Cason, Bauman, Glavin, Lee, and Navedo was just published in the journal Simulation in Healthcare. This article represents one of several articles based on the Simulation Consensus Summit that took place as part of the pre-conference offerings for the Society for Simulation in Healthcare’s (SSH) annual International Meeting on Simulation in Healthcare (IMSH) 2011. IMSH 2011 took place in New Orleans in January.
This article reviews the literature on simulation used as an educational intervention related to clinical education. Four key levels were evaluated across the literature: (1) the validity and reliability of the simulator itself, (2) the validity and reliability of the performance evaluation tool used to evaluate learners, (3) the study design, and (4) the translational impact.
The authors found that the vast majority of research literature in healthcare simulation does not address the validity and reliability of the simulator or the performance evaluation tool used for evaluating student performance. However, there are well-designed research studies that address the translational impact of simulation-based educational interventions and the relationship to patient safety outcomes.
Schaefer, J. III, Vanderbilt, A., Cason, C., Bauman, E., Glavin, R., Lee, F., and Navedo, D. (2011). Literature review: Instructional design and pedagogy science in healthcare simulation. Simulation in Healthcare 6(7), S30-S41, doi: 10.1097/SIH.0b013e31822237b4 [Link to Abstract]